The central theme of the Ardo Group's research program is to understand and control reaction mechanisms at interfaces, with the goal of maximizing energy-conversion efficiency for realistic applications, including solar fuels devices, photovoltaics, solar seawater desalination, redox flow batteries, and fuel cells.

Asymmetry is the key characteristic responsible for light-induced charge separation and current rectification; it is present in semiconductors, biological membranes, and molecular donor–chromophore–acceptor complexes. Members of the Ardo Group design and control asymmetry through modeling, synthesis, and engineering of molecule–material structures. The electrochemical, photoelectrochemical, and photophysical properties of hard and soft material interfaces are manipulated via molecular functionalization, electrostatic engineering, and physical protection. New materials and molecules are being investigated, including photoacidic materials, multiple-electron-transfer oxidation catalysts, infrared-absorbing dyes, anion-conducting metal–organic frameworks, and functionalized monolayer materials. The results from each study are pertinent to fundamental electrochemistry and charge-transfer, energy-transfer, and ion-transfer phenomena.

The Ardo Group is well-suited for students and postdoctoral scholars with various backgrounds and expertise, spanning the disciplines of chemistry, materials science, chemical engineering, physics, and biology.
Group News

7/15/2016: Richard Eastman joins Team Ardo. Welcome, Richard!

7/15/2016: Jonathan Moon joins Team Ardo. Welcome, Jonathan!

7/1/2016: Shane attends the final day of the workshop on Addressing the Mars ISRU Challenge: Production of Oxygen and Fuel from CO2 using Sunlight, at the Keck Institute for Space Studies on the Caltech campus where he presented and helped identify new concepts in PEC relevant to Mars missions. Thanks for the invitation and wonderful workshop, Harry, Will, and Cliff!

6/27/2016: Anni Zhang joins Team Ardo. Welcome, Anni!

6/27/2016: Sam Nitz joins Team Ardo. Welcome, Sam!

6/20/2016: Jen is chosen to receive the student sponsorship for the U.S. Women in Nuclear Conference in Charlotte, NC. Congratulations, Jen!

6/17/2016: Shane and his co-organizers (David, Miguel, and Verena) finish hosting a very successful and highly appraised workshop on Pathways to Solar Hydrogen Technologies at the Lorentz Center in Leiden, Netherlands. Congratulations, Shane, David, Miguel, and Verena!
Workshop Poster

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